Bad Credit Second Mortgage by the Numbers
Bad credit second mortgages make up a sizable part of the mortgage market. According to a recent survey by the Mortgage Bankers Association, the number of second mortgage originations increased by 13 percent in the second half of 2005 and closed-end second mortgages increased by 33 percent. The survey included 114 lenders that originated $189 billion in second mortgages, many of them to people with bad credit.
There are at least five numbers that determine the ultimate cost of a bad credit second mortgage: interest rate, years on the job, credit score, closing costs and term length.
The interest rate on a second mortgage is slightly higher than on a first mortgage because it is in a subordinate position. If the borrower defaults and the home goes into foreclosure, the second mortgage is settled after the first, so the lender is taking a greater risk.
The interest rate on a bad credit second mortgage will be higher still, so says Steven Frank, Senior VP at FlexPoint Funding, one of the nation’s largest subprime mortgage bankers. “A bad credit borrower is someone with a FICO score below 62. He or she will pay between 1.5% and 2% higher interest for a second mortgage, but there is no shortage of money or willing lenders in the bad credit mortgage market.”
When considering a bad credit second mortgage, lenders look at the borrower’s ability to repay the mortgage. This is verified by checking his or her current employment and total income. Mortgage lenders prefer that the borrower has been employed at the same place for at least two years, or has been in the same line of work for several years.
The lender will also look into how the borrower has met previous financial obligations. This is where a credit report and credit score come into play. A credit report lists a person’s credit activity for the last several years. It shows the highest balance, current balance and payment history on every account. Negative data such as late or missed payments gets erased after a few years but a bankruptcy can stay in the report for up to ten years.
Credit scores (also known as FICO scores) range from 900 down to 300. A score of 680 or higher signifies good credit. A score between 620 and 680 will cause most mortgage lenders to take a harder look at a borrower. If the number is below 620, as Mr. Franks points out, the person falls in the bad credit range and is charged more for a bad credit second mortgage.
The closing costs associated with a bad credit second mortgage will be cheaper than refinancing a first mortgage. In addition to minor processing fees, some lenders may charge an up-front fee in the form of a percentage of the total loan amount (known as "points”). A borrower may also be able to pay points to lower the interest rate on the loan.
The longer the bad credit second mortgage, the lower the monthly payments but the more interest paid overall. The shorter the second mortgage, the higher the monthly payments but the total costs will be lower. It is in the borrower’s best interest to choose the shortest possible term he or she can reasonably afford.
You can get more information a free quote on a second mortgage at www.badcreditsecondmortgagenow.com.